Industrial livestock farms and the issue of large quantities of manure

Issues such as ground water pollution from slurry and releases of bioaerosols airborne particles containing living organisms, fragments and toxins have caused significant problems.

Intensive animal farming

In order for this to happen, several actions need to be taken and these four components include: Inafter paying for costly nitrate removal processes to make water drinkable for Des Moines residents, Des Moines Water Works sued three upstream agricultural counties in an effort to shift responsibility for the cleanup.

Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections spread many emerging infectious diseases, such as E. How Cattle Digest Food Unlike most animals with a basic one-compartment stomach, cattle have four distinct chambers of their stomach—the reticulum, the rumen, the omasum, and the abomasum.

Raising Animals in an Industrial System

The EPA should enforce appropriate environmental rules to prevent factory farm pollution. The quality of the beef is directly related to animal feeding practices Sapkota. Demand for food will inevitably increase, but choosing meat quantity over meat quality is an ill-judged strategy to match this demand.

Neighbors of factory farms, as well as the workers in them, often suffer intensely from overwhelming odors and related headaches, nausea and other long-term health effects. While large milk production units may suit supermarkets' centralised supply and distribution models, the economies of scale that mega dairies are capable of achieving could lead to even more small and medium-sized dairy producers going out of business.

Chickenization, as the practice is known, has essentially taken over the hog industry, as well, and beef companies are angling for the same. Mismanagement of the Agricultural System Separating animals and plants in production disrupts the natural cycle of renewal.

Industrial agriculture operations frequently trade the quality and safety of products, as well as the health of consumers and rural communities, for maximized profits achieved through consolidation and mechanization. Pathogens have the ability to survive longer in groundwater than surface water due to lower temperatures and protection from the sun, and thus can become attached to sediment and become a lingering source of contamination for groundwater.

Contamination on even one animal can contaminate thousands of pounds of meat inside a slaughterhouse. Actually they are a ratcheting up of a model of meat production which is already in difficulties.

Most factory-farmed hogs and chickens have no access to the outdoors and never see daylight. Beef is a significant source of protein in the American diet, with the average person consuming nearly 70 lbs of beef each year Argi The bacterium then becomes perched atop a pedestal formed by the intestinal cell and the symptoms of the infection begins.

Are 'super farms' good for the environment?

In Brittany, the distance over which manure is transported needs to cover, on average only 15 km, whereas in Denmark almost all manure can be applied in the immediate surrounding area. A different policy route is to aim for sustainable meat and dairy, ie grown on land which cannot grow food for direct human consumption, and to stop building a food culture around cheapness as though that's the only value to nurture.

Rather than being an effective way of recycling slurry, it can result in requiring more maize being grown - a crop with a large environmental footprint. The hour law, enacted in and amended in states that when animals are being transported for slaughter, the vehicle must stop every 28 hours and the animals must be let out for exercise, food, and water.

As part of that shift, cattle no longer graze on pastures, but instead eat grain. Food and Water Watch, an advocacy group that works to ensure the food, water and fish people consume is safe, accessible and sustainably produced, has produced a factory farm map to visualize the concentration of CAFOs.

There is no inevitability about superfarms. Factory Farming and Food Safety. Residents near such farms report problems such as unpleasant smell, flies and adverse health effects.

Commercial shrimp farming began in the s, and production grew steeply, particularly to match the market demands of the USA, Japan and Western Europe.

Intensive animal farming

In doing so, we increase a reliance on grain-based feeds rather than pasture. Acidosis can damage the lining of the rumen causing digestive disruption and dehydration.

Factory farming dominates the livestock landscape and the large quantities of manure produced from those farms is a big problem.


Only so much manure can be applied to fields before the soil becomes overloaded with nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorous. Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, Factory farms hold large numbers of animals, typically cows, pigs, turkeys, or chickens, often indoors, typically at high densities.


Poultry manure from factory farms emits high levels of nitrous oxide and ammonia. Factory farms hold large numbers of animals, typically cows, pigs, turkeys, or chickens, often indoors, typically at high densities.

The aim of the operation is to produce large quantities of meat, eggs, or milk at the lowest possible cost. Food is supplied in place. The Farm Bill opened up EQIP for use by industrial livestock operations, which house thousands of animals and generate massive quantities of manure.

This risk is particularly associated with the production of large quantities of manure, which can lead to nitrogen pollution. Water requirements may also be an issue with very large scale farms. Industrial Livestock Production. Introduction. Livestock farming, raising animals as a source of food for people, has undergone a substantial transformation over the past few decades.

over the past few decades. Production of cattle, hogs, and chickens has shifted from smaller, family-owned farms to large-scale industrial agricultural.

Industrial livestock farms and the issue of large quantities of manure
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Are 'super farms' good for the environment? Leo Hickman | Environment |